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ӹҹԧҾ§

 ӹҹԧҾ§

ء駷褹ͧ§ ʺ˹Ҽѡж Ҿ§ըԧ Фͧ Ҿ§ çҨҡͧԧ 繤ӶͧһѵҾ͵¼˭ѹѧ

 

Ҿ§ؤش¤ Ҿؤ͹ʧš駷ͧС͹ʧºþҷ蹨кءȨչͧ§ 㹻 1939 ¡ѹ Թ  ҧԹ ҧԹŧ

 

Ҿͼ˭ Թ ҧԹ ҧԹŧ §ҡ仢

 

Ҿ§˭繼żԵⴴҳࢵͧ ҳࢵҳҹԤҹѹ (the Bund) ѹͧҡհҹҡ ǺѤþäǡ ѡŧ⡧ѹŵҧ Ѵ͡Ҿͻͧͧ 繼ժ§㹹§Ѻ觤觷ҧԹӹҨࢵҹͧҢͧ§ վ˭ ҧԹŧ

 

Ҿ⤵⡧ ҧԹŧ

 

1900 ࢵҹҳҹԤʢµ 㹾ᴹ鹷ҹʢµҡͧ ҧФºࢵ ʶҹŽʨ֧ԴѺѤõǨ 120 ˹ʹࢵҹ§ ҧԹŧ֧Ѥ繵ǨѺҴ ҹ 22

 

ѹҧԹŧѺ˹Թҧ价ѴԹҧǨشٻ;ҾѡͧỴ ҡԹҧ价ӧҹ.ʶҹյǨࢵҹ ҧԹŧԴ˹ҷǨʷ˹ҷշԹ ç͹ ѧѧࢵҹͨѴŢз¹ҹ ѧǹ㹡ûҺҢͧԹ ɵá ҢͧԨҴ硷µ觢ͧ˹ҷ 繼˹ҷʾ㹼ŧҹͧ ͹˹觢ͧ٧

ҧԹŧ仴ࢵǻ Ѵҡѹ 觵Ǣͧ¹ ѹçӪ ٴ͡ǺǡͧҡǺҹ ͧ㹡÷ӧҹ ¨Ѻ ѺѴѺ §ҹҷҺ 礵 ͡ҡѧҧзѺ㹡͡ǧǺҹ¡èѺѡբͧ

 

˹ҹҷͧ觵çʶҹյǨͧʷͧ ҢͧԨ͹ѹҡ դйҧԹŧ繼׺ǹ Ңͧҹ֧ͧʶҹյǨкتҧԹŧ繾ѡҹͺǹ šҧҧԹŧѧѹԹҧ͡ҡçѡ ¡ӷͧ¡ѺҤ׹Ңͧ ҧԹŧժ§觴ѧ价 ἹҧԹŧҧͧ͡ѧѺѭҵͧ

 

ҧԹŧѺ觵˹ҽ»ҺҪҡ ҧôç˹觢ͧһҺ˭褴 ա˹ŢҹءáŽǷһ (太湖) ⴹèѺѡҵ ˭֧ҧԹŧ仪 ҧԹŧ١ͧͧ ҫ èҡѺ÷һ٨µ͡ҧ´

 

ա˹ŢҸԡͧ¹ҾҴˡͧԹҧ§ ͢鹨ҡ͡١â ҧè֧ҧԹŧµԴ ֧ѹҧԹŧҾҴҹ鹡Ѻ׹ ҧԹŧ鹾ٵ稢ͧԵҡ

 

դ¡ѡҵǺҷǧҷԡ ѰŽ觵ҧԹŧ繶֧͸Ժժ­ͧ ҧǨ͹Ң繨õǨºäѹ֧ 8 ҧԹŧ觼ͧҾͻͧͧ

 

ѹáҧԹŧҺҾѡͧԹҧ ֧ӹҨҾ秤ԧ ҹ秤ԧ秤˭ͺͧࢵѹҡش ؤҹҧԹŧ١عͧҷӸáԨҢ½ Դ͹ ѺѹԵԴʹ Ҿͷ˭شࢵѹ ҧԹŧӧҹ͡㹡Ǩҹ֧ 20 ը֧ѹԴúͺ 60 բͧ͡ǨҨҧ觵繷֡ҡǨ׺

 

Ҿ§ Թ

 

Թ (1888-1951) Ҿͷժ§ҡش§Ҿ秤ԧ Թ ҡ¹ ԧ ѧ Թ Դ§ ᶺǹ Ѩغѹǹ˹觢ͧࢵ赧 § 4 վ¡зѹѹ١§حاͧ 14 ҧҹҹǻ ֡ҹ¼繸áԨͧ˧ǹԹ ֡⡧ 蹾ѹ ҡѺѹ ҡ鹷ӧҹ¹ҹ¼ͧ ҹǹԹ

 

ѧҡ鹤秤ԧѺԹͪҧ ԹͪҧѹŷࢵǵԹ 秤ԧԹͪҧӴѺ 㹢зԹӴѺ ҡѹѺԹͪҧ Թ͡ҾҧԹŧ㹤ʹͧҧԹŧ Ҵ⡧СͧآͧԹ 繷ѺЪ蹪ͧҧԹŧ ˹ҵǨͺǹ㹺ѧѺʫҾ㹸áԨ״ ͹ʹԷѹСͺáԨҢ½ ѹú͹˹觷Դࢵҹ 顧ԧͻ

 

ҡ÷ӧҹѺҧԹŧ蹢ͧǡջԷҾ٧ش㹡â ͹áҤ 1925 ԹǨТع֡ͧѧѴ駺ѷ١ҴäҢ½ ѷ ѹԹ 繡عѺաͧҾͼ˭ؤ ҧԹŧ ҧԹ 㹻ǡѹԹç˹觻иҹ˾ѹ͡äҷࢵҹ СդչӸáԨࢵҹ Ҿ§դӡ ҧԹŧ ҧԹͺտѹ Թѡ餹

͹ººѺҧԹŧ ҧԹ Թ繤ҴҷҹѹШѴáѺ¡ҧդѹաѺع֡ҧ Թ㹡Ԩҧ繡Դҧдǡ㹡äҽ 觤觢 Թ͹ҹҵʹԷѡͧ ѡ˹ѧ; §д١ѹѧͧ秤è

Թѧ㨤 ҷ»㹡ëѡäᨡªǺҹࢵ赧¡ᨡդ ء駷Դ¾Ժѵͧ§;鹷§Ҩ͡˹ҨѴºкҷءǺҹ ҾͧûͧŻªͧçҹ¢;Ծҷçҹ ¹ŧҾ觵ǢͧҾ͹ѡŧѹŷͺǹ ǹᢹ͢ 繡ٷẺѹ Ҿ 繤Ż ժ§ѧؤҧѡԪҡ¹ ʹ ҧ йѡ©Թ§  ҧᢡõԢͧ ҹѧͧԹ

 

͹¹ 1927 Թ ҧԹŧ ШҧԹѴҤͧóչͪ§礻Һ秤ҹ ׹ѹ 11 ¹ҧἹҼçҹҧ͡ѹһҺçҹ ԹѺ˹عѧҡ§礫觵Ѱšҧͧҹԧ Ҵç˹觼ѭҡ÷ѾҡͧͧС÷֡ҡзǧ ֧繵˹ Ҷ١ͺѺԴͺѺاҾҧѧ 

͹ѹ¹ǡѹ繷֡ҢͧӹѡҹǤǡԨ÷ࢵҹʴҹѹ͡ 1929 Ѻ觵繻иҹӹѡҹǤǡԨ÷ࢵѹ͡ū繵˹٧شͧչࢵҹ 1929 ԹѴ駸ҤǢͧѺ÷صˡԹ§ ҹҧѡԹԹ Թҧ ѧԹ áԨԹͧͧ 

1930 ԹͷԹҹԴͧ 50 ͡ҧѴҴ˭ ѹ 8-10 Զع¹ 1931 ѴԸպ٪ҷҹԴ¡ ʴš աͧõ֧ 5,000˹ҡѡͧࢵҹ仨֧ѴҧҹԴ § 1,000 ͷѹ պؤӤѭҧҡ § иҹҸԺըչ¹ § ѭҡѡҤʧ ҧԹ ¡չ§ кؤѰŨչ§ 繧ҹ§ҡ˹㹻ѵʵչ 1932 ʶҹТͧԹ蹤ҧ 

ѹ 25 Ҿѹ 1933 ԹӾԸթͧ˹觻иҹԵѡͧդѡѡյͻȪҵԫͧó͡ ҡѡִس ҧͶ㨫觡ѹСѹ ÷ӻЪʧ Сѡյͪҵԫԧ ͧó ԹѺõԹҡ鹡Ԩ·١ͧ 130 1937 ١ͧ 500 Ш价ӹѡҹ˭äԹ§ Ⱥͧ§ ǧŪ ǧҾ¹ ǧǢͧѺáԨͧ 1934 Թ ç˹觹¡Ҥͧ 

͹áҤ 1937 ͧѾѡôԹ蹺ءоҹ ͹ԧҤԴءʶҹ 8 ͧ§ͺ鹷˹ͧͧ ЪҪ§з駻ء鹵͵ҹҧҭ ЪҪͧáâѺ͹͵ҹ Թ ǹõ͵ҹ 繻иҹͧǹ лиҹС ǹǢͧ㹡Ԩ觺ا ѴҼҢ˹ټ׹˭ áлͧ ˹ Ѻػó÷ öѺ˹觹¾Ţͧ Թ繼᷹ͧͧѾỴչ觡ѧاͧѾ ҡùѵػѨ¨ҡҧͺͧѾỴ ҷ˹ҡҡѹ 繵 

ͧ§ᵡԹʸ ͹Ȩԡ¹ 1937 ˹ͧ ѹͧó´ԹáԨͧҵ ҷ˹ҷ㹰ҹͧиҹҡҪҴչ öлиҹзӧҹͧ§Ǣͧ˹׺ҪѺ ҧἹѧüȵͪҵСԨҶѴժ§§ ͧ͡ѾչպѺմѧù¡ը ѹ 1940 ҨѴ駤СûѵԻЪҪäԹ觨ҡʹѺʹعͧ秤Ҿ㹨չ Թ繼ӫ觷ԧҾ͵Ǩԧͧ秤 

 ͹ѹҤ 1941 ѧԴͧʧطừԿԡ Թ ͧҧþѲҡͧѧʹѺʹعѧ ҨѴ駺ѷʵäҪ ѷͧ Ѵӡš¹Թ㹾鹷ࢵִ֡ͧࢵʹúԹҡҵͧ ѧҡª㹡÷ʧ͵ҹ ͹ѹ¹ 1945 ԹԹҧѺͧ§ǼŻªҡش 㹵͹秤¶١ʸлҺ ͧѾԹҤǺҧԴ ҷͧ秤µҧӤѭա ͹ѹҤ 1946 ա͡ɡ§ ԹѺ͡¼ҹҧԨҧ ֧ҨѺ͡դṹ٧شäԹʹѺʹع ѧѺ֧͡͡ѹ ѧҡҷѺáԨصˡСä áԨԹ â Ѳ ֡ Ū þѲصˡ յ˹ҡ繻иҹ иҹС üѴ 繵 

1948 §ͨШѴáѺԡĵóԹ §ԧ ҴԹûٻҴѡѾ§ ͡ѺͧԹǹͧ ͡¡š¹Թҵҧ ͧԹöš¹ѺͧԹǹͧ ¾ԧ  صêµԹ㨻ԺѵԵ١§ԧǨѺ仵Դء 6 ͹ Թ ʶҹóѧͧ§ ͹¹ 1949 ͧѾŴ͡ЪҪͧäǹʵչѺªоִͧͧ§ء ͹Ҥ Թ駤ͺǢͧ;¾ͧ 

ѹ 16 ԧҤ 1951 Թ ªԵͧҡԵҾ§餹ش 63ȾͧҶ١份ѧاõԷª;äԹ觢ͧ§

 

 ˴ ҧԹ

ҧԹ (1877-1940) ժ Թ ѧ¹ Թ ҹԴͫըǹ Ѩغѹǹ˹觢ͧࢵ§) շ 23 ؤҧҪǧԧ (1897)ͧҧ ǧáͧ¨ҹСõջѭاԧѺѹŷͧ ֡ʶҺѹ÷ѺǪѡѺ ҧҧ 

ҧáͧҸóѰЪҪչѡѺѹԹԧ ࢵҹѧ ѧҡҺ秤ԧѺҹԧԧ ʢͧ秤ѺҺҹ繾ͧѺҧԹŧеԹ 蹤ͨش鹢ͧҾͼ˭㹹§ 

1920 鹡ѹԴѷ ѹԹ ͤҢ½ ӸáԨҧҤ 1927 Ѵ駡ͧѾѹš˵价 ͵Ҥͧóչ Ѵѧ纼ӡ һҺ÷зǧ Ѻ觵駨ҡ§繼ѭҡ÷ҧҡ㹡зǧ֡ǡѺԹ 

1932 ѺйӨҡԹç˹觡㹺촢ͧҤš¹觷§ ѧҡԴʧ ҧԹѴͧóԹ㹪 ҤѹҾ ͨЫͨػѨ֡觷ӡҧ 

1939 ѺѰͧ§Ѵ駹¡͡觶١ͺѧǪäԹ 

͹ҤҧԹ١ᷧ·§Թ ͧѡͧҷ١͵

 

 Ҿ¹ͧ Ҿ§ Ҫ蹪ͺеԴѹ Թ§ ԧԧ еԧ Фÿ 繾ͧ͢ԧԧ çҨҡѵԢͧԹͧѺ ҡǪǹࢵ赧觡ʶҹҧʹŹ§Դչ Ҿ§׹§ դҡ仴ٺҹԴͧҾ͹

 

ҶѵҾ§ҡաҹ...

 

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