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  ҡóҡл 2014
  Ҿҡȷš

ǡѺȭ

 

 (「日本」, Nippon / Nihon, Χ/Ի͹ - 蹡ԴͧǧҷԵ) 



繻Ҥµѹ͡ طừԿԡ ҧѹ͡ԴѺҺط ҸóѰЪҪչ շŭ蹡 ǹҧ˹ ԴѺ շ ᴹ 
­ͷ 377,872 ҧ 蹨֧繻ȷ˭繢ҴѹѺ 60 ͧš лСͺ仴й˭ 3,000 з˭ش͹ ͡ Ǫ ⡡ ӴѺ Тͧǹҡ 㹹ըӹǹ˹ 俿٨ ҷ٧ش㹻 繵 Ъҡâͧ蹹ҡѹѺ 10 ͧš ҡ 128 ҹ 
͹˹ҷ蹨դѹѺչ ¡ͧ ǹ (
) 繪ͷǨչؤá¡㹪ǧؤ 
ȭͧǧ 駻ȻСͺШӹǹҡ ˭ ҡҧ˹价ҧ ͡ (
北海道) ͹ (本州 з˭ش) ⡡ (四国) Ǫ (

 

 

ѵԭ 
蹹鹶͡Դǹǵ 10,000 ա͹ʵ 10,000 -300 ͹ʵ Ѫ͹ (Jomon) ǧ 300 ͹ʵ-.. 600 Ѫ⤿ع (Kofun) ǧ..600-..710 Ѫ¢ͧҫ֡ (Asuka) ǧ...710-..794 Ѫ¹ (Nara) ǧ?..794-..1185 繪ǧͧѪѹ (Heian) ǧ..1185-1333 Ѫ¢ͧҤ(Kamakura) ǧ..1333-.1336 繪ǧ
Ѱ¢ͧ (Kemmu) ǧ.. 1336-1573 Ѫ¢ͧҨ(Muromachi) 觷ҹ⪡عҪԤҧ ªѵ ꡤǫѧ ùһѭҡժԵ¹ͧ 

ǧ..1573-1600 繪ǧѪ¢ͧҫت- (Azuchi-Momoyama) ǧ..1600-1867 繪ǧѪ¢ͧⵡ١ (Tokugawa) Ҥ..1868-1912 Ѫ¢ͧ (Meiji) ¨ѡþôѵ ǧ..1912-1926 繪ǧѪ (Taisho) ¨ѡþôª ǧ.. 1926-1989 Ѫ (Showa) ¨ѡþô Шҡ..1989 ֧ѨغѹѪ (Heisei) ¨ѡþôҡ 

 

ȭ (Χ, "蹡ԴͧǧҷԵ") 繻µѹ͡ ҧطừԿԡ зҧѹͧ͡Һط ҭ蹷ѡ "ԹᴹҷԵط (The Land of the Rising Sun)" ҨҡȨչ ҧ֧駢ͧȭ 价ҧȵѹ͡ ºѺջ ͹˹ҷ蹨դѹѺչ ¡ͧ ǹ 繪ͷǨչؤá¡㹪ǧؤ ȭ Сͺ 繨ӹǹҡ ˭ҡҧ价ҧ˹ͤ ФǪ , Ъ⡡, ͹ ( з˭ش), ͡ 

Ի 
繻 觻Сͺ仴еҧ 4,000 § Ǩҡҹѹ§˹ͧ͢طừԿԡ еҧ ѹ͡ شͧš ֧繷Ңͧ " ԹᴹҷԵط " شҧش ҳ 24 ͧ˹ ˹شҳ 45 ͧ˹ վ鹷ҳ 377,800 ҧ Ǩҡ˹ͨô ҳ 2,800 բҴ硡»ҳ 0.7 ջЪҡҡһҳ 2  

蹻Сͺ仴ѡ 4 Ф ͡ ͹ ⡡ФǪ ͹ з˭ش ѧ

5 Ҥ §ҡ˹ŧҤ С ѹ ٺ ԧ Ш⧡ըѧѴҧ 47 ѧѴ ( Prefecture ) ͧҧ ҡ 650 ͧ ͧǧ ͧҵվ.. 2411 鹷ҳ 3 4 ͧ蹨Թ ش仴» Ҥͧҡ õѴչ ͧҡ ѹ仹ҤҶ١ҡҧ ᷹÷» 

 

鹷Һ繾鹷Ѻáԡ з駢ͧͧҧ 鹷Һ˭ شdz 㨡ҧ ͷҺѹ ( Kanto ) ͡ҡ鹡ѧշҺС ( Tohoku ) ҧ͹˹ͧ͢͹ٷҺ͡ зҺࢵصˡ -ͫҡ ( Nagoya - Osaka ) Һҹ蹢Ѵ仴ºҹ͹ çҹ Թɵ Ҹóٻ Դ 20% ͧԹ駻 

ҡ - Ĵ١
Ĵ١㹭 4 Ĵ ҡ Ĵ Ĵ͹ Ĵǧ Ĵ˹ Ĵ١դ§ ѡѹ͡ѡɳͧĴ ҷҹ ͹㹪ǧ㴡 蹨ҧзѺҹ 


Ĵ 
͹չҤ仨֧͹Ҥ 繪ǧ觤ʴ ͧҨҡԡҹͧ͡ Ǣᵡʹ Ѵҡ ҵ 觪Եա˹ Ĵٷҡش ੾ ǧ ͹¹ ѹ͹͡ҡкҹо觷ء˹ ж١仴 ժ Т ǭ蹨оҡѹһ鹫ҡ ШԺ ҧ蹪 ͧҡ ҾԴ֧ 㹤çлзѺ㨵ʹ 繷´ ҡйкҹ§ 1-2 س 12-16 . 



Ĵ͹ 
..-.. Ĵ͹㹭͹Զع¹ 觡͹˹ҹнҳ 5 ҷԵ ҡǧ С繡Ĵٻ١Ǣͧǹ ҡ ͺ蹢 ĴٹĴ觤ʹءʹҹ 繪ǧ ȡŻШӻ ҧ ҡ駡ͧҧ 繪ǧ觡÷ͧ еҡ ҡȵʶҹͧǵҧ 仴¼餹駪ǭЪǵҧҵ ੾еʶҹҡҡᶺ 觤价͹ áҤ ԧҤ ֧Ĵٷҡȴ ͧդ ʴ ֧դ ѹӹǹҡ Ĵٹռ ҡ ͧ ѺĴٷ ҷͧ ҡĴ. 

 

Ĵǧ 
͹..-.. ǧ㹭蹨͹ѹ¹֧͹Ȩԡ¹ 繪ǧҡȴ ѧҡĴ͹ҹ Ѵ᷹ ġ ҹҾѹ Ѵըҡᴧ ͧ ǡҡѹǧŧԹ 觡ҹ⺡仵ѹ˹ǾѴ͹ҧҷ ĴٹѺĴٷѹҡ ش ֧仵㹻 ǹҸóШ仴ᴧ ͧ кô ġҼѴҡ¾ѹѴ ǧ ᵡ ͡͡ Ѻ繪ǧ Ĵ١ŷʴǹ觹ѡ ੾ Ѻ ǭѹ ǧҢͧ蹡 оѡ͹ سԻҳ 14-18 . 

Ĵ˹ 
..-.. Ĵ˹Ǣͧ͹ѹҤ仨֧͹Ҿѹ 繪ǧĴ١ŷ˹ 仴ТŹ ੾ 㹷ҧ Ҥ˹ Ӥͧ зһ ҧ觨С繹 ô ˭ ҧҡѹ͡絹秡ѹ繷ʹءʹҹ ǹҡաʡաѹͧѻ ͡ էҹ "ȡ" ͧѹ ҧ 繧ҹȡ˭дѺš աûСǴû ٻ ʶһѵ¡ 觡ҧ㹻ȵҧ 
͡ҡ ǧĴ˹ آ ͧͺҧԧ ǭ蹷ء㹤ͺ ѡҹ觼ԧ ѹٴ ͡繤آ դҡ ء ҧҡѹ ͹ѺѹӤѭ ǡҶ ѹշشͺչ蹤 ѹʵ ѹ ء˹ աûдѺдҴҡ§ һзѺ觹ѡ ͡ҡ㹪ǧĴ˹Ǥ ͹¡ Onsen ѹҡ㹪ǧĴ˹س ҳ 1-8 ͧ 

 

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